Why did the eastern and western churches differ?
Why did the eastern and western churches differ ? disagreements over claims of authorities; use of icons; marriage of clergy; use of Greek versus Latin language.
What major difference between the Eastern and Western churches led to the schism?
The major difference between the Eastern and Western churches led to their schism was the inclusion of Pope as the religious head of Christianity . Western churches believed in the authority of a religious leader called Pope who will issue orders. Eastern churches functioned without Pope and a group took decisions.
What is the western branch of Christianity?
Western Christianity is composed of the Latin Church and Protestantism , together with their offshoots such as Independent Catholicism and Restorationism. The large majority of the world’s 2.3 billion Christians are Western Christians (about 2 billion – 1.2 billion Latin Catholic and 800 million Protestant ).
Is Orthodox older than Catholic?
The orthodox / catholic churches are Pauline churches, distinct from the original church in Jerusalem. They are the same age. Neither is older than the other.
Why did Christianity split into eastern and western branches?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
How is Orthodox different from Catholic?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.
What caused the East West Schism?
The primary causes of the Schism were disputes over papal authority—the Pope claimed he held authority over the four Eastern Greek-speaking patriarchs, and over the insertion of the filioque clause into the Nicene Creed.
Can Catholic and Orthodox marry?
Apostolic succession and sacraments Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop.
Is the spiritual head of the Christians?
Solution. The Bishop of St Peter’s Church, the Pope, became the spiritual head of Christians all over the world and was acknowledged as the representative of Christ on earth.
What were some differences between Byzantine Christianity and Roman Catholic Christianity?
Some differences between Byzantine Christianity and Roman Catholic Christianity are in Byzantine Christianity the clergy kept their right to marry, unlike priests in Western Europe. In western Europe they spoke Latin whereas, in the Byzantine Empire they spoke Greek.
What is the Eastern church called?
Orthodox Catholic Church
Which one is first Catholic or Orthodox?
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than
Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?
If you are attending as a worshiper: Mostly yes. If a Catholic is unable to get to a Catholic mass (i.e. in Russia or an Eastern Orthodox nation), they can attend an Orthodox divine liturgy and it will satisfy their Sunday/holy day obligation. All Orthodox sacraments are considered valid by the Church .
Is Catholic the first church in the world?
The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world . It can trace its history back almost 2000 years. Catholics believe that the Pope, based in Rome, is the successor to Saint Peter whom Christ appointed as the first head of His church .