What were the farms the Spanish operated in the Americas called?
A hacienda (UK: /ˌhæsiˈɛndə/ or US: /ˌhɑːsiˈɛndə/; Spanish : [aˈθjenda] or [aˈsjenda]), in the colonies of the Spanish Empire, is an estate (or finca), similar to a Roman latifundium. Some haciendas were plantations, mines or factories. Many haciendas combined these activities.
What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztec?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
What did Spain’s King priests do?
Why do you think the king of Spain commanded Catholic priests to teach Native Americans about Christianity? By teaching Native Americans about Christianity, a better understanding and harmonious relationship between the different peoples could be established.
What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs quizlet?
Cortes was interested in the territory and vast wealth of the Aztec empire. What factors enabled the Spaniards to conquer the Aztec ? The Spaniards ‘ superior weapons, the diseases that accompanied them, and the support of other native peoples.
Why did some Spanish priests demand an end to the Encomienda system?
3) Why did some Spanish priests demand and end to the encomienda system ? They were fighting for human rights, and though it was inhumane.
What Spanish system gave settlers the right to tax local natives?
How were the Spanish able to defeat Native American empires?
-The Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer Native American empires by spreading diseases to the Native Americans (have no immunity).
Why was it easy for the Spanish to conquer the Aztecs?
The Spanish , Tlaxcalans and reinforcements returned a year later on 13 August 1521 to a civilization that had been weakened by famine and smallpox. This made it easier to conquer the remaining Aztecs . Many of those on the Cortés expedition of 1519 had never seen combat before, including Cortés.
What are two reasons the Conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztecs and the Incas?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec , having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
How did the Spanish treat the Native Americans?
Natives were subjects of the Spanish crown, and to treat them as less than human violated the laws of God, nature, and Spain . He told King Ferdinand that in 1515 scores of natives were being slaughtered by avaricious conquistadors without having been converted.
Is Spain still a Catholic country?
The major religion in Spain has been Catholic Christianity since the Reconquista, with a small minority of other Christian and non-Christian religions and high levels of secularization as of 2020. The Spanish Empire spread it to the Philippine islands and Latin America, which are now predominantly Catholic countries .
What religion was Spain before Christianity?
History of Spain Religion Before the arrival of Christianity, the Iberian Peninsula was home to a multitude of animist and polytheistic practices, including Celtic, Greek, and Roman theologies.
What forces enabled the Spanish to defeat the Inca and Aztec empires?
Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas . Alliances and Experience. The invading Spanish forces also took advantage of internal divisions within the Aztec and Inca empires . The Power of Horses. Deadly Disease.
Why were the Spanish able to defeat the Aztec and Inca empires?
The Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro invaded the Incan Empire in 1532, seeking riches. The Inca had already had some contact with Europeans, and many had died of European diseases. The empire was also weakened by a civil war between two ruling brothers. Pizarro manipulated the two sides, eventually defeating both.
Who helped Hernán Cortés and his soldiers defeat the Aztec?
The Spanish army had help in sacking the city. Though Cortés enslaved much of the native population, other indigenous groups were fundamental to his success, according to Cosme. Among them were the people of Tlaxcala, who helped him regroup and take Tenochtitlán.